Stereolithography (SL) technology, which is the oldest Additive Manufacturing technologies, is gaining momentum in the prototyping world thanks to its new materials exhibiting thermoplastic-like performances. This additive fabrication process not only allows for intricate part designs but also delivers functional prototypes, which eases concept part testing. Design engineers now save a huge amount of time when they test a design concept. Not so long ago Stereolithography SL resins were much too brittle to allow for e.g. evaluating the impact resistance of a prototype. Thanks to the many advances of Additive Manufacturing technologies, and thanks to the significant reduction of the time-to-market they bring to part designers, the also-called Rapid Prototyping industry is growing fast and reached US$ 1.1 billion in 2009.With an annual growth of more than 20% and benefiting from further technical advances on materials, the Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Manufacturing technologies will show even more in the next decades. A new wave of opportunities has already spread into this fast growing industry: the production of short runs. AM technologies in general, and Stereolithography in particular, are now more than ever used to produce a limited number of parts, even when it deals with e.g. complex design of spare parts. The injection molding of plastic parts is not competitive when only a few parts are needed because the steel mold cannot be amortized. This is one of the reasons why the AM technologies including Stereolithography technologies are well suited for the aerospace industry. For the same reason the medical sector is also widely using stereolithography and the other Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Manufacturing technologies. Because every patient is unique, dental implants and other hearing aids will always be produced on demand, and drawings will change from one patient to another.Even though the SL technology is making progress in handling short runs and producing limited amount of spare parts, it is still mainly used in the prototyping world. Following T. Wohlers, a renowned and well-known expert in the AM technologies, there are roughly 70% of parts using AM technologies being sold as prototypes or unique models1. Despite the growing interest towards the manufacture of tailor-made parts there were also some key advances made these past years on materials to improve the performances of prototypes. It is now easy to get functional prototypes. Resin producers developed special resins for AM technologies to make them closer to the serial production resins - even if these AM resins will never be the exact offset of injection molding grades experts now talk of e.g. ABS-like properties materials. Other AM resins were also developed to increase heat resistance or improve transparency. All these improvements were conducted to allow functional testing. It is not only possible to quickly get a complex 3D shape plastic part in hand quickly. It is also possible to assess the functional design.Some of these SL resins are even USP Class VI approved, which is of great help when OEMs and device manufacturers develop medical functional prototypes. From the prototypes to the first tens of parts, which will go through severe functional testing procedures, the use of medical approved resins makes the transition very easy. These material advances help to speed-up the development phase and bring more flexibility to part designers and part development project managers.
The Chinese biotech market is at a nascent stage, when compared to its counterpart in the US, Europe, and Japan. The country, however, has the potential to dominate the world biotech market. Its cheap labor costs, strong biodiversity, immense government support, and a huge pool of human resources are enabling the country to flourish in every segment of the biotech. The biotechnology capabilities of China can be envisaged from the fact that, the country not only represents a strong destination for exports, but also promises a huge domestic market. Consequently, the biotech market in China is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of around 23% during 2010 - 2012, says our new research report "Asia Pacific Biotechnology Market (2008-2012)".Our team of experts has found various reasons, which have been driving the biotech industry in the country. Among several factors discussed in the report, main factor is the use of nanotechnology in the biotech industry. The biotechnology companies in the country have been investing huge chunk of money on promoting the applications of nanotechnology. Along with this, several other factors, such as huge pool of human resource and large domestic market will also drive the growth of the market.Moreover, our report provides detail country profiles of various countries. The countries covered in our report are Japan, China, India, South Korea, Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, and Malaysia. Most importantly, for each country included in the report, we have provided detail description of key players and the regulatory framework.Our report "Asia Pacific Biotechnology Market (2008-2012)" provides thorough analysis of the various segments of the biotech industry, such as biopharma, bioservices, bioagriculture, industrial biotechnology, and bioinformatics together with the detail study of the investment opportunities in various countries discussed in our report. The report has thoroughly examined current market trends; industrial developments, and competitive landscape to enable clients understand the market structure and its progress in coming years. Due consideration has been given to the possible after effects of recession on the industry. It will help clients to have a proper insight of the current and future outlook of the biotech market in the Asia Pacific region.
Any biotechnology business plan is really a map featuring the way the start-up corporation can get with the principle to the marketplace, plus biotech consulting is helpful in this process that usually consists of 60 to 70 web pages. The top parts of the master plan usually are; an extensive outline from the products inside techie lingo; advancement as well as examining required to match the diverse Fda standards clinical trials; a marketing and advertising section which examines the item?s planned remedy for disorders or perhaps actual troubles duplicated by way of statistical data; this estimated receptivity on the market; as well as the7-year personal expenditures needed from day one to the point of truly offering this product like salaries. Information concerning intelligent asset concerning the item should also always be incorporated into a good Appendix.Biotech medical firms consider venture capital corporations to obtain the required investment finance regarding medical. Getting close any venture capital corporation involves a comprehension from the investment capital firm?utes finance procedures, along with the methodology helpful to examine the opportunity. The value of biotech consulting should not be embellished as of this step. The venture capital neighborhood is usually a strongly hooked up set; consequently Biotech start-ups intent to make a primary feeling that is certainly powerful as well as optimistic.Expansion capital organizations wish to deposit biotech providers using innovative thoughts, solid in addition to encountered administration clubs, along with genuine business plans. This Biotech start-ups need to understand this stresses plus involves manufactured by your investment capital firm?s traders. Most investment capital companies are convinced that acquiring powerful operations groups of which buyers confidence is among the biggest capital key elements. The actual Biotech start-ups need to understand the actual stresses along with requirements that cash invested in its ground-breaking idea will pay-off. A few expansion capital agencies are capable of tug throughout additional businesses that get expertise in financing many studies or maybe creating strategical relationships to biotech businesses together with experience with comparable engineering.Some sort of Biotech start-up needs a new capital raising company that is open-minded and future-oriented inside their work to locate technology. One particular expansion capital organization, ARCH, has followed the particular running theory which ?As we have faith in the scientific disciplines, we'll make idea for you to the business probable.?This biotechnology salary agenda will start during $45,500 a great basic level Biologist, and $46,000 with an elementary Biochemist. The biotechnology salary selection for any Biostatistician is from $105,1000 to $158,1000. Your average income for just a usual Biotech Company Growth Home is definitely $135,Thousand, plus its $89,Thousand to get a Biomedical Architectural Supervisor along with experience.
The US represents the world's largest biotechnology market, leading with its innovation, extensive R&D, and regular company developments in various spheres of the biotechnology sector. On the back of rising instances of innovations in the information technology, world-class healthcare infrastructure, and active participation by private players, the US biotech industry has grown stupendously in the past few years.The report, "US Biotech Market Analysis", covers the Medical Biotechnology, Agricultural Biotechnology, and Industrial Biotechnology segments of the sector. The research finds out which is the largest segment in the biotechnology sector, and why. It also discusses the wider role of the technology. According to our report, biotech funding has been a major source of growth in the US biotech industry as venture capital and financing by other sources continue to provide the momentum. The structure of financing has been strengthening over the past few years with IPOs, FPOs, public and private sector, and venture funds contributing significantly to the industry developments. Rising focus of companies towards drug development, increasing coverage of various diseases, and significant market potential are some of the prominent factors propelling investments in the recent years. market research reportsThe report also elaborates the important Bio-clusters prevailing in the US and analyses their growth. It observed that California accounted for the highest growth and attracted maximum funds for research activities. How much employment this cluster generated in the biopharmaceutical sector, has also been covered in the study.Biotechnology is a priority sector for the government, which has been backing significant developments in the industry. The report identifies key trends in the sector. Of these, bio-similars are found to drive the market positively. It also highlights the competitive landscape in the US biotechnology sector, and lists significant developments of the key players in the segment.The report finds that the future outlook of the US biotech sector is positive with a substantial amount of investment expected in the research and entrepreneurship development in near future.List of Figures:Figure 2-1: Global - Biotechnology Market (Billion US$), 2010-2014Figure 2-2: Biotechnology Market (Billion US$), 2010-2014Figure 2-3: Share of Public and Private Sector Companies in Biotech Industry (2010)Figure 2-4: Bio-pharmaceutical Exports (Billion US$), 2005 & 2010Figure 2-5: Bio-pharmaceutical R&D Expenditure (Billion US$), 2007-2010Figure 2-6: Farm Scale Revenues from Major Genetically Modified Crops (Billion US$), 2008-2010Figure 2-7: Ethanol Production (Billion Gallons), 2009-2014Figure 4-1: Biotech Financing (Billion US$), 2007-2010Figure 4-2: Biotech Financing by Type (%), 2010Figure 5-1: Massachusetts - Share in US Biotech Venture Capital Investment (2007-2010)Figure 5-2: Massachusetts - Number of Drugs under Development PhasesFigure 5-3: New York - Employment in Biotechnology R&D (2007 & 2010)Figure 6-1: Number of Clinical Trials by Phase (2010)Figure 6-2: Number of Clinical Trials by Disease Area (2009)For more information kindly visit :US Biotech Market AnalysisOrBharat Book BureauTel: +91 22 27810772 / 27810773Fax: + 91 22 27812290Email: email@example.comWebsite: http://www.bharatbook.comFollow us on twitter: !/Sandhya3B
Medical Science and technology has been joining hands for a while now to come up with advanced devices and treatment methods. On the similar line, biometrics technology has been present for a long time since the time of a standard finger scanner. This technology has been extremely useful in the healthcare and security and surveillance industry. However, there has been a much of the progress biometrics system in the last decade.The eye sensor controlled wheel chair is perhaps one of the innovative developments that has taken place in this field some time back. To explain in simple terms, this chair is programmed to move automatically in a specific direction with the help of an eyeball movement detection sensor. Though there are numerous medical discoveries that are being made in this vertical, today eminent medical institutions and organizations a are expanding and experimenting with their Biometrics service portfolio.Biometric Services Provided By Indian CRO'sIn the recent past, well known Indian Clinical Research Organization has come up with their specialized Biometrics department and a team of expert professionals that help in clinical trial and other relevant medical studies. All these are conducted within the CRO's bio clinical laboratory and the services offered are used by other medical research, diagnostics, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical companies.Eminent CRO's sometimes acts dedicated partner for the success of their client's clinical development program. For this their specialized Biometrics team works towards speeding up the regulatory submission process and minimize timelines by innovative thinking. The Biometrics service portfolio includes the following:-Database Programming* CRF Design (paper & electronic)* CRF Annotation* Database Programming* Validation Checks* Metadata Repository ManagementData Management* Data Acquisition* Data Reconciliation* Discrepancy Management* Medical Coding (MeDRA & WHODD)* Database Lock* Data Extraction for ReportingPharmacokinetic & Pharmacodynamic Studies* Sampling Point Estimation* Technical Document Review* PK/PD Query Resolution* PK/PD Subject Matter Expert* Pharmacokinetic support across study engagementPK/PD Reporting* SDMS Data Extraction* PK Data Analysis* PK Summary ReportingBiostatistics* Randomization* Sample size estimation* Trial Design Inputs* Statistical Analysis Plan* Statistical Analysis* Biostatistics Subject Matter ExpertStatistical Reporting* TLF Programming* CDISC Data Mapping (SDTM & Adam)* Clinical Data Repository* Pooled Data Analysis & Reporting* Safety (ADR) Reporting* Patient Profiles & Data Cleaning ReportingToday Biometrics technology is taking a great leap and making path breaking discoveries and has the capacity to be helpful to people with total paralysis. Furthermore, it is also useful for testing sponsors and medical students. The testing sponsors can secure the benefits of the credentialled program by retaining the integrity of the testing procedure.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the most powerful tools in modern science. Since its discovery 50 years ago, in 1945, it has spread from physics to chemistry, biosciences, material research and medical diagnosis.NMR spectroscopy uses the magnetic property, called spin, of a nucleus in an atom. When a sample is set in a strong magnetic field, it is possible to transfer energy into the spin system in the form of radiofrequency pulses and change the state of the system. After the pulse, the system relaxes back to its state of equilibrium, sending a weak signal that can be recorded. Because every nuclear spin in a molecule senses also the small magnetic fields of its nearest neighbours, it is possible to separate the signals coming from different atomic surroundings. The structure of the molecule can be determined from these individual signals.Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exploits the nuclear magnetic alignments of different atoms inside a magnetic field to generate images. An MRI machine consists of large magnets that generate magnetic fields around the target of analysis. These magnetic fields cause paramagnetic atoms such as hydrogen, gadolinium, and manganese to align themselves in a magnetic dipole along the magnetic fields, created by the radiofrequency (RF) coils inside the MRI machine. What the machine captures from the subject is the relaxation of the atoms as they return to their normal alignment when the RF pulse is temporarily ceased. With this data, a computer will generate an image of the subject based on the resonance characteristics of different tissue types.MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a scanning method developed primarily for use in medicine to provide doctors with the ability to view all sorts of body structures and organs including soft tissues. MRI is arguably the greatest advance in diagnostic medical techniques over the past century.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been widely used in preclinical research on experimental small animals.Studies have typically been aimed at understanding the patophysiological status and evaluating the efficacy/side effects of newly developed treatments such as pharmaceutical and regenerative medicine.Although small animal scanners are superior to clinical scanners in terms of providing a better signal-to-noise ratio, the available pulse sequences are different from those in clinical scanners, and the magnetic field strength is often much higher.Small animal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are currently one of the premier research tools available to probe and validate structural and functional relationships at the biosystem, cellular or molecular level. In fact, a growing number of MRI facilities dedicated to imaging small animal models of disease now exist in a variety of environments encompassing pharmaceutical, medical and basic science research. Preclinical Imaging studies are typically performed at high magnetic field strengths, yielding high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and soft tissue contrast compared to other available modalities.Preclinical MRI applications.The range of preclinical MRI applications includes brain and organ imaging, tumor assessment, disease progression and functional imaging. Other potential research applications include investigation of new contrast mechanisms and agents, monitoring gene expression, analysis of protein interactions, and determination of pharmacokinetics.A majority of preclinical studies, especially those that involve characterization of disease progression and response to therapy in transgenic animal models, require an elaborate experimental design using large cohorts of animals. The acquisition of these large MRI data sets can be expensive, time consuming and labor intensive. Therefore, automation techniques to improve throughput, increase efficiency and/or improve accuracy would represent a significant advance, especially with regard to screening and phenotyping animals.Advantages of pre-clinical MRI:Good spatial resolution, up to 100 ï¿½m and even 25 ï¿½m in very high strength magnetic fields. Has excellent contrast resolution to distinguish between normal and pathological tissue. Preclinical-MRI can be used in a wide variety of applications, including anatomical, functional, and molecular imaging. Safety: since micro-MRI's mechanism is based on a magnetic field, it is much safer compared to radiation based imaging modalities such as micro-CT and micro-PET.Weaknesses:One of the biggest drawbacks of micro-MRI is its cost. Depending on the magnetic strength (which determines resolution), systems used for animal imaging between 1.5 and 14 teslas in magnetic flux density range from $1 million to over $6 million, with most systems costing around $2 million. Extremely long image acquisition time, spanning into minutes and even hours. This may negatively affect animals that are anesthetized for long periods of time. In addition, micro-MRI typically captures a snapshot of the subject in time, and thus it is unable to study blood flow and other real-time processes well. Even with recent advances in high strength functional micro-MRI, there is still around a 10-15 second lag time to reach peak signal intensity, making important information such as blood flow velocity quantification difficult to access.
The time is to think beyond component sourcing with next generation optical element design and complete prototyping services. The expertise of electronic design professionals has simplified the opto-mechanical systems to a great extent. Apart from quality, the cost of products is another most important consideration while someone opts for the supplies from optical manufacturers. And, that is the reason why it is essential to come up with quality assurance keeping the dexterity within budget. Not only the companies, but nowadays the individuals with requirements for lens design are involving the professional consultants to simplify their tasks. Let's find how the lens design consultants are actually contributing in the biomedical industry! With advancement of biotechnology, the laser scanning system requires non-contact measurement with superior sensitivity in addition to the microarray images in high resolution. Besides, in metrological practice, the microarray biochip images essentially need ultra wave sensor or optical detector in the imaging system. In order to perfectly address such advanced biomedical needs, the development of micro-meter focusing, and scanning lenses are now in practice. An electronic design consultant works with the customer specific development protocols to come up with highly tailored solutions, which in turn enable the company to provide with cutting edge metrology tools at appreciably lower prices. The biomedical instruments such as microscope, mass spectroscope, blood gas analysis system, and others extensively use illumination and micro imaging systems. In non-contact metrology, the unique property of telecentric lens is used by the professional lens designers. The lens characteristically maintains constant magnification over a specific range of object distance. A lens design consultant suggests using this mechanism to get accurate dimensional measurement, especially for the inspection of three dimensional or 3D objects. The concept is not really that new but has recently been implemented in optical metrology to avoid inherent distortions and attain optimum accuracy. However, it is difficult if not impossible to get the accuracy in measuring the object's position, length and straightness if the defined telecentric depth is not maintained. The professional electronic design consultants serve their customers, individuals and companies whoever require the expertise, with advanced techniques and technologies. They mostly provide with complete subsystem production and prototyping solutions for a variety of devices. Precision is accomplished by using state of the art engineering tools and devices. Their keen observation to the minute details of opto-mechanical systems enables the manufacturers and users to answer many important questions about the structures and functions of the devices more efficiently. No matter whether it is a small or high volume production, the consultants are there to support the ventures from every possible aspect. Starting from simple optical sub-assemblies to the design and development of next generation metrology tools, a professional electronic design consultant can help materializing the ideas with great precision. However, one cannot expect the superior quality service from just about any consultant or service providers as the skill set depends solely on reflective knowledge and profound experience. However, not to worry, a little Google search should yield the options to attain ultimate optometric solution from the renowned experts.
Accsense Cloud-Based Wireless Solution Monitors Medical FreezersCHESTERLAND OH-March 14, 2012Pharmacies across the country constantly work to comply with increasingly demanding FDA regulations, especially 21-CFR part 11, in the storage of their temperature-sensitive life science products. Unfortunately, medical freezers often fluctuate in temperature due to uneven cooling and prolonged door opening among other causes, and these risks can be tough for staff to identify--is the door opening too frequently or is something else to blame? CAS DataLoggers now offers pharmacies an ideal solution with the Accsense A1-08 Wireless Temperature Data Logger, an automated wireless temperature monitoring and alarming system designed to protect customers' life science materials. This wireless pod can connect to 6 NTC thermistor inputs monitoring at the critical -40??C (-40??F) range, significantly reducing user cost per measurement. The Accsense system provides users with cloud-based data storage and reporting and also serves as a convenient temperature alarm system complete with email, pager, and phone alert capabilities. Combined with the Accsense B1-06 Wireless Data Logger Gateway, these cost-effective data loggers offer customers a complete wireless monitoring system with the ability to view and remotely access data in real-time, transmitting recorded temperature data online for easy storage and analysis. Accsense automated monitoring eliminates the need for manual recording and is much less expensive, more reliable, and offers more data storage and regulatory documentation.The wireless pod's internal ambient temperature sensor has a temperature range of -40??C to +70??C (-40??F to 158??F), and features 6 NTC thermistor inputs monitoring across -40??C to +112??C (-40??F to 233??F). Offering 2 digital inputs, the A1-08 pod can be connected to a wide variety of digital sensors to provide effortless and dependable online monitoring, including alarms indicating when the freezer is open. Offering pinpoint data logging accuracy to protect valuable samples and goods, all the Accsense system's temperature measurements are made at a highly precise 0.1??C resolution, and the user-set sampling rate can be anywhere from 30 seconds to every 24 hours. In this way, intelligent alarms can be configured to trigger if 3 samples in a row see that the door is open; alternately, alarms can be set to trigger when only 1 sample reveals an open door. To deal with sudden power outages, each pod has an emergency buffer of 250 samples per sensor. The multi-thermistor pod's range extends out to 250 ft. outdoors and 90 ft. indoors without obstructions, and the datalogger can run on either battery or AC power.The Accsense system's advanced functionality offers users online graphing, reporting, and configuration features essential for compliance with 21-CFR part 11 and legal liability by closely monitoring and recording sensitive goods in storage. All the system requires is an RJ45 Ethernet connection with open internet access to start recording, entirely removing the need for troublesome installation and wiring. Accsense wireless dataloggers automatically send all recorded data to Rackspace, the manufacturer's completely secure cloud server, where it is immediately stored and available using a backed-up online Accsense Account. Customers' accounts give instant access to charts showing all measurement history with ranges as narrow as 5 minutes or as wide as 90 days, and also offer a customizable interface with a dashboard showing the most recent measurements from all sensor pods. Measurement data can also be downloaded for offline analysis. Since all the data instantly goes out to the Web, Accsense is the only system on the market that has virtually NO impact on the existing infrastructure, including server structure, IT overhead, and only a minimal impact on bandwidth.The wireless gateway includes FREE software and feature upgrades, with no software installation or firewall configuration required. Manual vertical scaling allows for consistency across multiple graphs and samples. Using an online account subscription with each gateway, users can plot measurement history and analyze tabular data. The secure servers can also send out configurable voice, text or email alarms (with premium subscription) to inform the supplier and authorized staff when a temperature reading falls out of range--the same alarm can even be sent to multiple locations! Additionally, data sent online can be downloaded as a CSV file and loaded into most database applications, and users can quickly download measurement data for offline analysis and grant password-protected, limited access to other operators. The gateway's internal data storage can even compensate in the event of Internet outages. Using a standard web browser, users can sign in to access reports and graphs or modify the system configuration from anywhere an internet connection is available.Each A1-08 wireless pod comes delivered in a package containing an AC adapter, wall mounting and bracket, a standard antenna, 3 AA batteries, and more, providing a simple yet reliable temperature monitoring system.
Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses on engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio-products. Biotechnology/Life sciences are amongst the leading and most significant applied sciences in today's era. Biotechnology is one of the latest developed sciences and evolved on the basis of proteomics and genomics. It is a research oriented and firmemerging inter-disciplinary field. The Pathfinder academy provides you an opportunity to get involved with the latest developing sciences which is future promising too.Founded back in the year 2003, Pathfinder academy was a result of the travail of great visionary Mr. Pranay Kumar, scholar from JNU, New Delhi and visiting faculty Dept. of Biotechnology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. It was established with the goal of providing a priceless opportunity to those aspirants who want a distinguished and shining future in biotechnology/life sciences.It was his ambition and toil that made Pathfinder Academy, a pioneer institute that is contributing the nation with coaching for biotechnology entrance examinations and CSIR-JRF-NET/GATE and help them seek admission in leading institutes for higher education with a strong established foundation. There is nothing that precludes us from being informed, modified, rendered, furnished and be up-to-date.At Pathfinder academy, we believe in application of biotechnology for the benefit of agronomy, environment, engineering and veterinary and human medications. For this, we develop mutually advantageous relationships with industry and concerned establishments to conduct research and economy transmission. As a personal responsibility towards society, we try to initiate and runinformative educational programs to ensure the large scale propagation of academic innovations to all strata of society. Pathfinder academy also takes various steps in promoting the education and training of biologists, engineers, agricultural personnel and medical technologists in the fields of genomic research, economic development and educational accessibility which are the pillars of biotechnology. We encourage our brilliant faculty, staff and aspiring scholars to exploit the extensive research amenities, interacting with commercial enterprises and provide them with wide variety of training services like Academic projects, Industrial training and workshops, etc.Biotechnology has proved to have incredible career prospects now and in future and Pathfinder welcomes you to interact and function in the most challenging and inviting discipline in sciences gaining both knowledge and career perspectives. For more details please visit:
We at Researchchemicals4u make no secret of the fact we have a wide variety of plant food chemicals, some of which, at first glance, seem remarkably similar. What, for example, is the difference between nrg-2 and nrg-3? Well, a chemist would say it??????s the R-groups ?????? the reactive part of the structure. NRG-2 is more potent than nrg-3, but acts in a different way.The reason these chemicals work at all is because they were originally developed to enhance neurotransmitter action in humans, and amazingly, plants have the same neurotransmitters - for example norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Just as in mammals, norepinephrine is released in response to stress, forcing the plant to manufacture sugars and grow faster (the reason being, so it can propagate itself sooner ?????? the obvious way to escape danger is to grow somewhere else.) Serotonin is routinely produced in a range of plants including plantain, pineapple, banana, kiwifruit, plums, and tomatoes. It??????s also found in stinging nettles and tobacco plants, as well as some herbal remedies. However, its effect as a natural antidepressant is doubtful, as plant serotonin can??????t cross the blood-brain barrier.What is now known for certain is that when stimulated or stopped from being ??????switched off,?????? these transmitters have a beneficial effect on plant growth and propagation. It is for this reason that scientists buy NRG-3 ?????? to develop new plant foods. You may wonder why they don??????t just use NRG-2, as it??????s so potent. The reason is the same as for humans ?????? more isn??????t always a good thing.If plants are stimulated into growth too quickly, it places a heavy demand on nutrients in the soil. If these nutrients are readily available, the plant can suffer from ??????fertiliser burn?????? ?????? literally overdosing on soil chemicals. This can dry out the roots and even kill the plant. Sometimes, less potent research chemicals provide better results than highly active ones.